Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient that is involed into a lot of different functions, it is a potent antioxidant and a cofactor for a family of biosynthetic and gene regulatory enzymes.
Vitamin C contributes to immune defense by supporting various cellular functions of both the innate and adaptive immune system.
Vitamin C accumulates in phagocytic cells, such as neutrophils, and can enhance chemotaxis, phagocytosis, generation of reactive oxygen species, and ultimately microbial killing.
Vitamin C deficiency results in impaired immunity and higher susceptibility to infections. In turn, infections significantly impact on vitamin C levels due to enhanced inflammation and metabolic requirements.
Vitamin D3also known as vitamin Cholecalciferol, belongs to a class of medications called vitamin D analogs and is the most bioavailable and useful form of vitamin D.
Most immune cells contain the vitamin D receptor, including T-cells, B-cells, monocytes, and antigen-presenting cells. This means that vitamin D is involved in innate and adaptive immune responses alike.
Vitamin D has also been identified as a tolerogen, meaning that it can suppress unnecessary immune responses that aren’t appropriate, sparing the body from unnecessary stress.
Vitamin A (VitA) is a micronutrient that belongs to a group of unsaturated monohydric alcohols that contain an alicyclic ring, that is used to maintain an improve a lot of crucial reactions in the human body, Vitamin A is involved in the development of the immune system and plays regulatory roles in cellular immune responses and humoral immune processes.
Zinc is a mineral found in cells throughout the body. It is needed for the body's defense system (immune system) to work properly.
Copper Bisgglycinate is an essential trace mineral necessary for the human body that regulates the body inmune response.
Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient for both pathogens and the hosts during viral infection. Copper is involved in the functions of critical immune cells such as T helper cells, B cells, neutrophils natural killer (NK) cells, and macrophages, Cu-deficient humans show an exceptional susceptibility to infections due to the decreased number and function of these blood cells, small amounts of copper can lead to neutropenia. This is a deficiency of white blood cells, or neutrophils, which fight off infections.
Magnesium is one of the most important micronutrients in the human body and it has a strong relation with the inmune system.
The level of magnesium in the blood is an important factor in the immune system's ability to tackle pathogens and cancer cells. T cells need a sufficient quantity of magnesium in order to operate efficiently. T cells can eliminate abnormal or infected cells efficiently only in a magnesium-rich environment. Specifically, magnesium is important for the function of a T cell surface protein called LFA-1.
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